Stroboscopic photo of a wink being potted in the game of tiddlywinks The North American Tiddlywinks Association
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Tucker's Tiddlywinks Bibliography

Patents

Contents

Related Links

Research Resources

The international patent classification for tiddlywinks would be A63b 71/04 (or 02).


Tiddlywinks Patents-United Kingdom

Note that early UK patent numbers started anew each year, and the numbers are associated with the year of first application, not with the year of registration. Filing dates are usually those of the provisional specifications.

Number EC Classification Filed Registered By For
16,215   8 Nov 1888 19 Oct 1889 <pc> Joseph Assheton Fincher "A New and Improved Game"
18,789   22 Dec 1888   Harold Charles Wilson and Alice Constance Inverarity Margary

"Games played with counters and flippers"

  • Games played with counters and flippers in imitation of lawn tennis. A table, board, &c. is covered with baize or other material, and the surface marked off as a miniature lawn-tennis court, a small net being also placed across the centre. The game is played with small ivory, bone, &c. models of racquets, and ordinary counters in place of balls, both being made of ivory, bone, or like materials. A counter is placed on the service line and caused to jump over the net by pressing it will one of the model racquets, and is then returned by the opponent in the same manner; the method of playing and of scoring is in all other respects similar to the game of lawn tennis itself.
9,387   6 Jun 1889 22 Mar 1890 <c> George Scott Golf (US also)
9,882   17 Jun 1889 35 Jan 1890 <c> Edward F. Maitland Obstacles
5,650   15 Apr 1890 17 May 1890 <c> Mascie Taylor Courts
13,768   2 Sep 1890 30 May 1891 <c> John F. Peasgood Bagatelle
6327   1 Apr 1892 7 May 1892 William Cameron Tree-shaped targets
22,663   25 Nov 1893 12 May 1894 James Henry Hannay Golf
5,866   21 Mar 1894 15 Sep 1894 Harry O. Roberts "Salomo"
6,943   7 Apr 1894 12 May 1894 Walter Kershaw, John B. Brierly "Games played with balls or counters"
Spelling targets
18,061   22 Sep 1894   W. Ditchburn

"Games played with counters and the like"

"Relates to a game resembling tiddledy winks, in which counters, coins, and the like are projected or thrown by players into the open mouth of a mechanical head" ...

1,724   * 24 Jan 1896 - Nicholls (full dates not known) Square board table
25,035   28 Oct 1897 15 Oct 1898 Charles E. Forbes "Klondyke", mining for ore
9,882   1899     Graduated slanting target, X-shaped wink
10,760   23 May 1899 9 Sep 1899 John Alfred Rivington Naval or land battle
326   * 5 Jan 1900 - Evans (full dates not known) Circular board
3,345   17 Feb 1905 30 Mar 1905 Morland Micholl Dessau Disc with spring, hinge, etc.
513   8 Jan 1906 31 May 1906 Zdenko Krulis Football
25,720   9 Nov 1906 9 May 1907 William Clinch Poole Circular target
188,203   7 Nov 1921 9 Nov 1922 Ezra Badger Billiards
230,255   28 Feb 1924 12 Mar 1925 Frank A. Stephens Snooker pool ("potted")
22857/35   ~ 1935-1936   Ernest Sewell Tiddly Tennis
510,581
(
31255/38)
  28 Oct 1938 3 Aug 1939 Albert John Ratley Wadman  
573,638
(2090/43)
  14 Dec 1943 29 Nov 1945 Charles Frederick Tydeman ?
682,152   24 Aug 1951 5 Nov 1952 Marcus van Pelt Improvements in or relating to Apparatus for Playing Table Games
829,536 A63F5/04  27 Aug 1958 2 Mar 1960 Leendert J. A. den Drijver Magnetic disc and roulette
1,077,712
(37882/62)
  5 Nov 1962 2 Aug 1967 Robert Colin Harvey Webb War simulation
1,249,216
(10797/69)
  28 Feb 1969 13 Oct 1971 Gillian Elizabeth Knight Frog discs
1,334,524   16 Jan 1971 -?- <s> James M. Park Golf (US also) (class A6 H6 F6)
1,399,019
(53793/72)
A63F3/00D 21 Nov 1972 25 Jun 1975 Philip Frederick Woodman Flags and prisoner (class A6 H6 C1)
GB2,218,005       Rupert Stuart Harold Fallows Tiddlywink table game

Fincher's non-Tiddlywinks Patents (UK)

Number Filed Registered By For
3,238 28 Feb 1890 9 Aug 1890 <c> Joseph Assheton Fincher Sleeve links
14,931 19 Jun 1897 - never - Joseph Assheton Fincher Candlesticks

Tiddlywinks Patents-United States

Current US classification:

Class 273 AMUSEMENT DEVICES, GAMES
subclass 317 AERIAL PROJECTILE, TARGET THEREFOR, OR ACCESSORY
subclass 348 . Target
subclass 353 .. Tiddlywink game

Before 19 Feb 1980, the following unofficial subclass was used:

subclass 95E Aerial Projectile, "Tiddly-Wink"

Note that each US patent number given below was awarded upon the patent's registration. OG page is the page in the Official Gazette of the US Patent and Trademark Office, in which a brief summary of patent claims is printed.

Number
(& link to PDF)
Current Subclass Filed Registered Official Gazette Page By For
432,170 87.2 20 Dec 1889 15 Jul 1890 362 George Scott Golf (UK also)
441,099 353 12 Aug 1890 18 Nov 1890 1079 Charles N. Hoyt Concentric ring target
442,438 85R 22 Sep 1890 9 Dec 1890 1514 Edward I. Horsman Jr. Parlor-tennis
453,480 353 23 Oct 1890 2 Jun 1891 1239 Charles N. Hoyt Hoop target
464,098 337 5 Feb 1891 1 Dec 1891 1163 Dock D. Harr Circular target
477,287 353 27 May 1891 21 Jun 1892 1798-9 Charles Zimmerling Large target, cups & hoops
611,915 337 28 Oct 1897 4 Oct 1898 110 Johannes Klauder "Ring game"
710,565 87.2 7 Jan 1902 7 Oct 1902 66 Harry T. Coldwell Golf
711,979 87.2 11 Feb 1902 28 Oct 1902 689 Arthur F. Knight Golf
1,016,583 353 6 Jun 1911 6 Feb 1912 121 Norman C. Shatzer Animal square targets
1,114,608 353 20 Jan 1914 20 Oct 1914 851 John W. Hanley Spider-web board target
1,125,076 353 6 Apr 1914 19 Jan 1915 738 Frederick E. Dorr Discs with friction pads
1,213,562 409 13 Jul 1916 23 Jan 1917 1202-3 John A. Walls Naval war game
1,217,908 126R 21 Feb 1914 6 Mar 1917 8 Charles B. Brewer, Harvey E. Haines Baseball
1,276,015   10 Mar 1916 20 Aug 1918   Charles H. Belknap Tennis
1,280,082 94 7 Dec 1916 24 Sep 1918 830 Leonard F. Pierson Soccer
1,316,748 318 15 Feb 1919 23 Sep 1919 492 Hans Skreberg Blocks
1,520,082 343 16 Oct 1923 23 Dec 1924 875 William R. Purnell "Radio game"
1,523,686 85R 20 Jun 1923 20 Jan 1925 602 James G. Davies Basketball
1,525,167 337 9 Oct 1923 3 Feb 1925 169 Clarence A. Comstock Horseshoes
1,533,417 ? 16 Aug 1921 14 Apr 1925 403 Frank J. Holland Indoor golf
1,539,357 424 11 Jul 1923 26 May 1925 942 George H. Johnson "Ballot-Box Game"
1,548,291 87.2 9 Oct 1922 4 Aug 1925 109 Henry Van Arsdale Jr. Golf
1,548,507 88 16 Apr 1923 4 Aug 1925 153 Chester W. Brown Baseball
1,564,863 409 6 Nov 1924 8 Dec 1925 472 George W. Laing Court-type game
1,619,279 85R 17 Sep 1926 1 Mar 1927 136 Ervin G. Wagner Basketball
1,663,404 94 28 Jan 1927 20 Mar 1928 677 Sidney G. Hands Football
1,680,356 94 30 Dec 1927 14 Aug 1928 370 Morris E. Yaraus Football (convex/concave)
1,693,277 94 5 Mar 1928 27 Nov 1928 953 Alfred Hustwick "Football game"
1,712,073 85R 5 Mar 1926 7 May 1929 201 Charles Fowler Basketball
1,864,500 87.2 13 May 1930 21 Jun 1932 819 Elizabeth & Louis Livingston Golf
2,027,244   5 Oct 1933 7 Jan 1936   Albert S. Moorman Ball rolling game; tiddledy winks to putt out
2,069,487 85R 9 Mar 1935 2 Feb 1937 108 Charles K. Van Riper Tennis
2,147,502 424 11 Sep 1937 14 Feb 1939 487 Edward S. Savage Cross-shaped piece
2,183,107 ? 11 Sep 1937 & 5 Jan 1939 12 Dec 1939 410 Edward S. Savage Succ. receptacle targets
2,235,933 353 25 Sep 1939 25 Mar 1941 884 Aarne Laine End-post target
2,261,448 85R 22 Nov 1939 4 Nov 1941 119-20 Hans B. Petersen "Game" of Basketball
2,343,506 317 3 Apr 1942 7 Mar 1944 101 Howard M. Hay Basketball
2,509,634 87.2 27 Nov 1948 30 May 1950 1528 Vincent A. Freeman "Simulated Golf Game"
2,611,615 85R 27 Sep 1949 23 Sep 1952 1113 Walter J. Watson & Walter J. Watson Jr. "Simulated Basketball Game"
3,120,958   10 Jan 1962 11 Feb 1964   Marvin I. Glass & Burton C. Meyer Stick propelling missile into receptacle
3,429,572 ? 11 Oct 1965 25 Feb 1969 1175 Robert B. Mars "Educational game"
3,612,528   28 Mar 1969 12 Oct 1971   Marvin I. Glass & Jeffrey D. Breslow "Deformable Projectile and Target Having a Variable Opening"
3,697,072 87H 29 Jun 1971 10 Oct 1972 534 James M. Park Golf (UK also)
3,705,724 400 20 Feb 1970 12 Dec 1972 338 Alfred C. Einstein "Tiddly Winks Target Board"
3,881,728 353 13 May 1974 6 May 1975 191-2 Emerson K. Martyn "Mathematical Tiddly-Wink Apparatus"
4,030,760 353 23 Dec 1975 21 Jun 1977 1151 Edwin K. Danowski Target
4,052,064 85R 26 Jun 1974+ 4 Oct 1977 181 John T. Kennoy Basketball
4,060,245 85R 27 Jul 1976 29 Nov 1977 1510 Enrique G. Duch Soccer (Guatemala also)
4,085,933   27 Dec 1976 25 Apr 1978   David W. Currie "Spring-Hook Device for Scoring in a Target-Type Game"
4,167,267 353 22 Dec 1975 11 Sep 1979 339 Anibal Romero, George Spector Hockey
4,244,584   4 Sep 1979 13 Jan 1981   George Viveiros "Flippable Game Piece Target"
4,337,949   21 Jan 1981 6 Jul 1982   Michael J. Ferris "Playing Piece Propelling Game Device" (cites tiddledy winks)
4,357,017   30 Jul 1980 2 Nov 1982   Herman E. Schneider & Daniel A. Stein Auto racing game
4,423,877   20 Sep 1982 3 Jan 1984   Don W. Cook  
5,328,188 273/239 11 May 1993 12 Jul 1994   Gregory R. Brotz

"Magnetic Game Board"

  • Column 2: FIG. 8 shows player 48 with magentic game piece 38 being flipped toward game board 10 where it falls and is attracted to the nearest grid area or game piece of opposite polarit. Other means to propel the magnetic game pieces can also be utilized in playing the game of this invention such as shooting the game pieces toward the game board by a snapping action of the pieces with a second game piece pressed down on the edge of another game piece to be propelled toward the game board such as in a tiddlywinks game.
5,403,016   20 Oct 1993 4 Apr 1995   Kenneth M. Kudo Chip flipping game
5,516,114   28 Feb 1995 14 May 1996   Spencer Michlin, Mark A. Celeste, Mark Domiteaux "Jumpertops Clipper Disk Game Piece and Game"
6,629,845 434/127; 434/393 8 Mar 2001 7 Oct 2003   Nancy A. Zwiers

"Products & Methods that harness the power of fun to motivate children"

  • Page 4: [0089] FIG. 36 is a perspective view of the forty-forth embodiment of this invention showing, with the lid removed, a package containing pre-cut food items as tiddly winks being used to play the game tiddly winks.
  • Sheet 38: FIG. 36 [shows several hands holding shooters against winks and aiming at a target.]

Tiddlywinks Patent Applications—United States

Number
(& link to PDF)
Current Subclass Filed Application Published By For
US 2005/0017447 A1 273/236 27 Jan 2003 27 Jan 2005 David Michael Geshwind

"Methods, tiles and boards for playing games that schematize competitive yet ..."

  • Page 7: If one color, pieces can comprise inexpensive reversible tokens like wooden checkers or plastic tiddlywinks;
  • Page 15: These may consist of tiddlywinks, checkers, coins (pennies and dimes), 'go' stones, or any other available tokens.
US 2007/0216102 A1 273/317 31 May 2006 20 Sep 2007 Kimberley Matilla, Andrea Ehret

Assignee: Mattel, Inc.
"Board Games with Projectiles and Methods of Playing Same"
US 2008/0141282 A1 719/318 12 Feb 2008 12 Jun 2008 Gershon Elber, Orit Shaked, Oded Shmueli

"Control of Interactions within Virtual Environments"

  • Page 6: Thus for example, a counter restricted to two dimensional space may be used for Snakes-and-Ladders or Ludo, or alternatively be assigned three dimensional mobility, and allowed to move in 3 dimensions and then used for tiddlywinks.
US 2010/0208942 A1 382/106 8 Dec 2009 19 Aug 2010 Robert Mark Stefan Porter and Clive Henry Gillard

"Image Processing Device and Method"

  • Page 11: [0129] However, over distances of tens of meters, which are typically involved when filing sports on sports pitches, such 3D camera systems may lack the depth resolution needed to be able to generate an offset amount for each pixel corresponding to a detected object within a captured image so as to present an effective three-dimensional appearance to a user. Therefore, the embodiments described above in which the offset amount is generated in dependence upon distance data in the depth map data are more applicable to situations in which relevant objects within a scene are within a few metres of the camera. In the context of sports footage, such sports may be boxing, snooker, table tennis, tiddlywinks, gymnastics, fencing and the like, although it will be appreciated that, subject to sufficient depth resolution, other events or scenes could also be captured.
           

Tiddlywinks Citations in Other Patents-United States

The patents listed in this section include those for games similar to tiddlywinks, e.g. catapult games using discs, and those that are not for games but use the term "tiddlywinks" to describe an effect or action.

Number
(& link to PDF)
Current Subclass Filed Registered Official Gazette Page By For
487,447   31 May 1892 6 Dec 1892   Edwin P. McLane Game Board with corner catapults
2,424,016   13 Jan 1944 15 Jul 1947   Hugh B. Potts "Game Piece Projector (catapult game using discs; mentions tiddly-winks)
3,460,188   26 Apr 1966 12 Aug 1969   Wilton E. Boyd "Vacuum Cleaner" (reference to dirt being flipped up in a tiddlywinks action, but is not a tiddlywinks game)
4,109,914   23 Jun 1976 29 Aug 1978   Takeo Matsumoto "Game Structure Involving a Revolving Target" (mentions tiddly winks but is a catapult-style game rather than a tiddlywinks-style game)
4,309,034   14 Jan 1980 5 Jan 1982   Takeo Matsumoto "Competitive Game Moving Objects Through Adjacent Depressions in an Inclined Surface" (mentions tiddly winks but is not considered a tiddlywinks-style game)
4,838,452   27 Nov 1987 13 Jun 1989   Daniel A. Hamilton, James R. Spowart, and Richard Porterfield "Shutter System for Electrical Component Supply Tape Feeders" (not a tiddlywinks game; mentions the "tiddlywink" effect where a component pops up)
5,133,750   11 Feb 1991 28 Jul 1992   Akira Momose & Adam A. Taff "Synthetic sapphire intraocular lens" (mentions eliminating the tiddlywinks effect)
5,423,552   19 Jan 1994 13 Jun 1995   Patrick J. English "Token Bouncing Game" (cites tiddlywinks; similar to tiddlywinks but bounces winks instead of using a shooting device)
5,842,579   16 Nov 1995 1 Dec 1998   Douglas Garcia et al. "Electrical Circuit Component Handler"  (not a tiddlywinks game; mentions that components can pop out due to the "tiddlywink" effect)
6,926,629   3 Nov 2003 9 Aug 2005   Martin L. Dehen "Attachment for blade of hockey stick" (mentions that leading edge of stick can press on an object to flip it as in tiddly winks; not a tiddlywinks-style game)
6,032,320   31 Mar 1998 7 Mar 2000   Larry J. McComber & Jack D. Murders Trowel (mentions that particles jump in the same way as tiddlywinks, but is not a tiddlywinks game)
6,926,629   3 Nov 2003 9 Aug 2005   Martin L. Dehen

"Attachment for blade of hockey stick"

  • Column 7: Further, while the floor portions of the attachments are relatively flexible and resilient, the floor portions are preferably also relatively rigid such that the leading edges can press down on the rear edge of an object and flip the object back onto the floor portion in the naure of the "tiddly winks" child game.
7,409,647 715/848 25 Jun 2001 5 Aug 2008   Gershon Elber, Orit Shaked, Oded Shmueli

"Control of Interactions within Virtual Environments"

  • Column 10: Thus for example, a counter restricted to two dimensional space may be used for Snakes-and-Ladders or Ludo, or alternatively be assigned three dimensional mobility, and allowed to move in 3 dimensions and then used for tiddlywinks.
7,900,676 156/391 1 Jul 2008 8 Mar 2011   Daniel Lipsky

"Apparatus to facilitate proper label placement and method of use"

  • Column 1: FIELD OF INVENTION

    The application of graphic labels onto a round object where centering is critical occurs in many fields of application. The best mode of practicing this invention involves the placement of graphically enhanced labels onto poker chips, but this is not intended to limit the field of application. There are many games where round objects are used as game pieces and customizing these objects as token, party favors or business cards is desirable. Round objects such as game pieces for backgammon, bingo, and various board games, condom carrying game tokens and even tiddlywinks are labeled with promotional, information or instructional labels.

Tiddlywinks Design Patents-United States

Number
(& link to PDF)
Current Subclass Filed Issued Official Gazette Page By For
D162709   31 Aug 1948 3 Apr 1951   Ruth M. Boyle Game Board
D192148   23 Jan 1961 30 Jan 1962   David A. Brodie "Tiddlywinks-Type Game Board"

Tiddlywinks Citations in Other Design Patents-United States

The design patents listed in this section include those for games similar to tiddlywinks, e.g. catapult games using discs, and those that are not for games but use the term "tiddlywinks" to describe an effect or action.

Number
(& link to PDF)
Current Subclass Filed Issued Official Gazette Page By For
D246954 D9/238 31 Dec 1975 17 Jan 1978   Steven D. L'Europa

"Container for fashion accessory or the like"

  • Page 1: OTHER PUBLICATIONS

    Helen Gallagher-Foster House Catalog Received Nov. 19, 1966, p. 17, Tiddly Winks Container in upper right corner

Tiddlywinks Patents—Other Countries

Country Classification Patent No. Filed [Applied] Registered By For
Austria   90013 15 Sep 1920

15 Mar 1922
(25 Nov 1922)

   
Canada 272/97 453,603   28 Dec 1948 Robert J. Maxwell

Basketball game

(Cited in US patent 5,423,552)

Europe   EP0076132
(82305085-1)
  27 Sep 1982 Hans Ulrich (Germany) Two discs connected via plastic rod
Europe A63F 7/00 EP0766980A1 1995-10-03 1997-04-09 Brightmore, James Graham; "Apparatus for playing a board game"; simulates snooker and pool using tiddlywinks
France   719,323 1 Jul 1931 4 Feb 1932 F. Klauber, nee Eleanor Freund (Filed US 21 Jul 1930)
France   1,443,604 20 Feb 1965 21 Feb 1966 Roger Charpentier Hat-shaped discs
France   2,489,161 29 Aug 1980 5 Mar 1982 Gilbert Glassman  
Guatemala   37842 [28 Jul 1975]   Enrique G. Duch Soccer (US Patent # 4,060,245)
Japan IPC: G09B1/36; G09B1/38  JP2003091227    28 Mar 2003 Nagahashi Akira, inventor
SEIBUNSHIYA:KK, Applicant
 
Netherlands   ? 1957 1959 Leendert Den Drijver Magnetic discs
(UK Patent # 829,536)
Switzerland   97773 (or 87773) 1 Jun 1921 12 Mar 1925 Karl Rempel  
WIPO G09B 1/06 WO 02/069303 A2 27 Feb 2002 6 Sep 2002 Lydia Kruger (country: ZA) "An Activity Book" including tiddlywinks
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