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Lexicon of Tiddlywinks

Ninth Edition, February 2013... ©1994-2013 Rick Tucker. All Rights Reserved.


Winks has a vocabulary and subculture all its own. For instance, you might overhear at a tournament "I can't pot my nurdled wink, so I'll piddle you free and you can boondock a red. But if Sunshine gromps the double, I'll lunch a blue next time." In English this translates to "My wink is too close to the cup to pot it, so instead, I'll gently shoot you out from under the pile and you can shoot an opponent's red wink off the table. But if Sunshine (a winker) captures two of our winks with only one of his, I'll pot an opponent's blue wink (sometimes a useful strategy) on my next turn."

The Lexicon of Tiddlywinks, compiled by Rick Tucker since 1994, documents the words of winkdom from its invention in 1888 to the formation of the Cambridge University Tiddlywinks Club in 1955 to the 1958 match between Cambridge University and the Goons radio troupe, to the 1962 Oxford tour of the USA sponsored by Guinness, to the MITTwA invasion of England in 1972, and to the present day.

Also check out tiddlywinks as it is known in many other languages.

Many thanks to those who have contributed to the lexicon, including Charles Relle, Matt Fayers, Richard Moore, Jon Mapley, and Fred Shapiro. Many thanks also to CUTwC for the information provided at

This edition includes exemplary citations for some entries, in much the same manner as in the Oxford English Dictionary. However, I need your help! I would greatly appreciate your uninhibited comments on the definitions, your suggestions for additions and improvements, etc. I particularly need help in identifying Briticisms vs. Americanisms. Even though I have copyrighted this, I am permitting members of NATwA and ETwA to reproduce it for free distribution.


1 * · n Sunshine, nickname of a NATwA winker

2 * · asterisk, the symbol for a potout on a scoresheet


11 Khartoum Road (UK) · n an ETwA team


AGM (UK) · n abbreviation for Annual General Meeting of ETwA

agt (rare/obscure) = abbreviation for, the Usenet group for tiddlywinks postings

air shot · n in preparing to make a shot, the need to hold a squidger in the air above the wink to be shot rather than resting on it because the pile below that wink is likely to move due to resting the squidger on it

Alleghany Airlines Book Club Presents (US) · n a publication by NATwA winker Sunshine in February 1976 describing tiddlywinks perversions. [Name derived from Allegheny (note "e" rather than "a") Airlines, an airline company (which became USAir and is now US Airways).]

Alliance (US) · a NATwA team of the 1980s · n name of the original Usenet newsgroup for tiddlywinks on the Internet

Altrinham coffin (UK, now obscure) · n the area near the pot where winks are very likely to be squopped. [Coined at Altrincham Grammar School in the north of England in the early 1960s.]

amigos (UK, now obscure) /ah-MEE-goss/ · the act of swallowing a pint of a drink in one gulp. [CUTwC, 1980s] See also sideways amigos

approach shot · n a shot with the objective of placing a wink at a particular position on the mat, sometimes near a target pile, without an intent to squop

area · part of the mat dominated by the winks of, or containing squops or piles chiefly controlled by one color or partnership, into which an opponent is usually reluctant to venture

A.R.W. · n abbreviation for Association of Retired Winkers, originated by NATwA winker Carl Chenkin in the mid-1970s

autoboondock = (US) 2boondock

autosquop (UK) = sub (Cohen, 1977)


B Team· n a winking team at a tier below the experience and performance of the primary, or A, team for a club or university. Also C Team, a tier below the B Team

backstop · n a wink, pile, or the pot that is hit by a wink with the intention of slowing or stopping the motion of the wink being shot.

Bancroft School (UK) · n an ETwA pre-collegiate team in the early 1960s

baseline · n a line near each corner of the mat behind which winks are placed at the beginning of a game. This line is perpendicular to the diagonal of the mat and is three feet from the center of the mat.

baseline squop (UK) · n shooting a wink from behind the baseline in the corner of the mat and squopping a wink in play

baseline pot (UK) · n a tiddlywinks perversion where squopping the opponent is not allowed. If squopping happens accidentally, the winks are desquopped. = (US) potting game

Beady (UK) · onetime nickname of ETwA winker Geoff Myers

beaker (rare, obsolete) = n pot. (used by ETwA's Hull Guildhall team in 1962)

Betty's Boys (UK) · a team formed by Stew Sage and Richard Moore, first appearing in the ETwA Teams of Four in 1988 (earlier known as "Sideways Amigos", q.v.)

Biden (UK, obscure)· n to be provided [Named after Julian Biden, ETwA winker]

big (US) · n a large wink

Big Six (US) · n the six major championships: NATwA Singles, NATwA Pairs, ETwA Singles, ETwA Pairs, World Singles, World Pairs  (prior to ScotTwA's arrival on the scene with the Scottish Pairs in the early 1990s.)

birthday present (US) · n an opponent play that results in an unexpectedly easy shot for a gain.

BIT (US) · n the Boston Invitational Tournament, or generically, a tournament with a varying format, e.g. a BIT-like tournament. BITs were held from 1970 to 1987.

blitz· n an attempt to pot out when opponent winks are not under control, particularly before the time limit has been reached. Also vi.

blowup · n a shot, usually forceful, that separates winks in a pile. Also blow vt

blunt (US) (rare) · adj describing a round-edged squidger such as those that were provided in sets made by Marchant Games. Contrast with sharp squidger. [Originator:  Daniel Sachs at 1994 Individual Pairs, Wheaton, Maryland.]

board (Relle) · table or mat ["off the ~"]

Bob-rookie strategy (US) · n a strategy of focusing solely on squopping the better player of an opponent partnership, while ignoring the weaker player, usually applied when the difference in skill is great. [Named after Bob Henninge, who often played with novice winkers.]

bomb · n a shot in which a wink is shot toward a target pile, usually from a distance, with the objective of knocking one or more winks out of the pile. Also vt.

Bombay Bowl (UK) · a tournament involving the four "home unions" in Britain (England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland) that has now lapsed [Started 1 May 1960; name was a play on "Calcutta Cup", an England-Scotland Rugby Football match]

Bonham recording system (rare) · n a method for transcribing the shots and results of a tiddlywinks game (Winking World 5; ETwA E2, 1964)

boon (US) =1boondock [a clipped form of boondock]

1boondock · n a shot in which a squopped wink is freed and comes to rest far from the center of action in a game, or is sent off the mat. Also vt. [circa 1971, US]

2boondock· n a perversion (variant of tiddlywinks) in which the goal is to pot all of a color's winks, and when a wink is squopped, it is returned to its baseline. See Alleghany Airlines Book Club Presents for the rules.

boondock and squop · n a shot that produces two results: a wink is boondocked, and the shooting wink comes to rest on another wink, squopping it. = John Lennon Memorial Shot

boondocked · adj said of a winker who lives or has traveled far from locations where tiddlywinks is avidly played

bounce-in · n a wink that bounces on the mat before entering the pot.

bounce out · vi to shoot a wink that enters the pot but hits the interior of the pot or a wink inside the pot and comes out of the pot. Also n. (Winking World 1, page 4)

brace (Relle) vt = bridge. [First used by John Furlonger, 1961 or before] n (Relle) two winks close together that can easily be squopped

bridge · vt to shoot a wink to squop two winks, neither of which are squopping the other. n a pile in which two winks are bridged. (Edwards, in Partridge, 1984)

bring-in · n a squidge-in or an approach shot from a distance.

Bristol (also bristol) n ·  a gromp shot in which the face of the squidger is held perpendicular to the wink being played, and roughly parallel to the intended direction of the shot. Also vt. [from University of Bristol in England, where the shot originated.]

Bristol Good (also bristol good) · n a shot in which the squidger is held as for a bristol, with an intended trajectory as in a Good shot. = (UK) Cambridge Good

bristollable (US) · a pile or squop in which the winks are positioned suitably for a bristol shot

brunch (UK, catching on in the US) · n, vi, vt to inadvertently pot when trying to go over the pot. [The term was invented by ETwA winker Paul Moss as part of a competition in Winking World]

bucket (UK) = n pot

butt · n a shot where a wink hits the edge of a target wink, usually with the objective of knocking the target wink off a pile. Also vt.

butt under · vt a shot, sometimes intentional, which instead of squopping the target wink nudges it under an existing pile

BYOTT (US)· adj Bring Your Own Table Tournament, a NATwA tournament held in 1972


calypso (UK) · n, v a shot (usually a squop) that involves (deliberately or not) bouncing off the side of the pot onto the target wink

Cambridge blue · n a pale turquoise (also known as duck-egg green' colored wink or squidger that came in tiddlywinks sets from Marchant Games in the late 1960s; this color was used instead of blue, which was missing from these sets.

Cambridge Good (UK) = Bristol Good

Cambridge Open · n an ETwA tournament, similar to an Individual Pairs but not so systematic; partners and opponents are drawn completely randomly each round. The winker with the highest ppg is the winner.

Canadian Pairs · n a NATwA pairs tournament held in Canada in 1973 and 1974

Cannonball · n onetime nickname of Bill Renke in the early 1970s.

carno (also C-) (US) · n = Carnovsky [a clipped form of carnovsky]

Carnovsky (also carnovsky) · vi, vt to pot a wink from a corner, usually a squidge-in of an unplayed wink from the baseline. n a shot in which a wink was Carnovskied. [named after Steve Carnovsky, Harvard player in 1962, popularized in Life magazine.] = (UK) Penhaligon

Carpenter's Fan Club (UK) · the team name used by WETS when competing in the ETwA Teams of Four; 1989-90 holders of the trophy

carve out (UK) = piddle

Catford Invitation · an exclusive invitational tournament held at the home of Charles Relle. These winking events raised money for charity

Chickens Courageous · n a NATwA team formed from the TKOs, led by Sunshine

Chickenhearts · n a NATwA team combining the Chickens Courageous and Hearts of Oak (Coeurs de Chêne) teams

chip (UK) = piddle

Christmas pile · n a pile consisting of only green and red winks

Christmas present = birthday present

Chrome Toads · n a NATwA team with winkers from southeastern Ohio, also called Xenopus

circular squop · n (US; obsolete in UK) a pile in which all winks are squopped; sometimes, a pile of two winks with this property. In the UK, known as Thorpe's ring

click off · n a shot in which a wink is removed from squopping another wink, where the squidger stroke stops abruptly by clicking on this other wink. Also vt.

click shot · n a shot played on a wink that is squopping another wink. The squidger's stroke on the played wink stops abruptly on this other wink, causing a sharp click sound. The other wink typically is intended to be left unmoved by this shot.

climb up (US) · vi to shoot a wink that bounces off the exterior side of the pot on its trajectory that leads into the pot.

Closet of Fame (US) · n a repository of tiddlywinks memorabilia in Bill Renke's house.

1color order· n the prescribed official order of play of winks during a game: the cycle blue, green, red, and yellow (the alphabetical order of the colors in the English language)

2color order · n the tactical recognition of the importance of dealing with one color rather than another because of the ramifications of the order in which those colors play

color preference · n the desire of a partnership to play the winks of one color partnership (typically red and blue) rather than the other; a query made prior to the commencement of a game to determine whether a partnership has a color preference

comb · vt to remove loose fluff from the mat with a comb

concave up · adj said of a wink on the mat whose upper surface is concave [Until the 1980s, nearly all winks had a slightly concave side and a slightly convex side. Concave side up was considered preferable by many winkers for most shots.]

Congress · n an annual meeting of NATwA or ETwA members

constipated · adj a tactical situation in which all winks of a color (or a partnership, or all players) are busy squopping other winks and sometimes busy protecting piles.

Continentals (US) · n the NATwA team championship tournament that was traditionally held in February and was held from1967 to 1986. [Referring to the North American continent, the domain of NATwA.]

Cornell · n a NATwA team from Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

corner · n the area behind a baseline on the mat, in the corner, three feet from the center of the mat

counter (obsolete) = n wink (term used by ETwA's Hull Guildhall team in 1962)

counterblitz · n an attempt to blitz by an opponent of a player that already has begun to blitz

counter-pot (UK) = counterblitz

cracker (UK) · n a knock-off and squop (Winking World 90, page 30) [a deliberately invented term from 2007 when winks was featured on a TV programme presented by Robbie Coltrane (former star of the drama "Cracker"]

Crown & Centipede · n a NATwA team formed by Severin Drix, which included high school students and teachers

crud (UK) · n, vt = blowup. See also megacrud.

cuddle (US) · v to shoot a wink close to a pile, generally within a wink's diameter

Cullingham squop (UK) · Two winks both leaning against the pot but not touching. The top wink is a big wink, the bottom wink is a small one. The big wink is squopping the small one.

cup = n pot

CUTwC · n \CUT wuck\ the Cambridge University Tiddlywinks Club, formed in 1955 in Cambridge, England, and still active.


dance (US) · n the movement of a wink that is twirling around in the pot or on the mat before coming to rest.

Dave Taylor (UK) = Gottesman [after Dave Taylor, former CUTwC winker]

DB (US) = double boondock

DC5 (US) · n five NATwA winkers residing in the Washington DC metropolitan area: Dave Lockwood, Larry Kahn, Jim Marlin, Brad Schaefer, and Rick Tucker. [after the Dave Clark Five musical group of the 1960s; usage dates from the late 1980s to 1994, when Brad moved to Connecticut]

dead (US) · adj said of a mat with inadequate resilience for proper winks play

Debby Boone (US) = double boondock [After Debby Boone, American singer. First used by Rick Tucker]

Delrin · n a plastic material sometimes used to make squidgers, generally black or white. First used by Rick Tucker in the early 1980s. [Trademark of duPont]

denurdle · vi, vt to remove a wink from proximity to the pot, either by shooting that wink or by knocking it away with another wink

desquop (UK) · vi to free a wink

dive in · vi to send one or more winks into an area dominated by opponents

dock (UK) = boondock. (Devlin, 1985)

Dr. Fatty (UK) · onetime nickname of ETwA winker Nick Inglis

Dr. Superfatty (UK) · onetime nickname of ETwA winker Stew Sage

dominant corners · n the pair of diagonally-opposite corners of a mat that are considered more desirable than the other pair of corners. When a player is standing behind a dominant corner, his right side is near the long (six foot) side of the mat, and his left side is near the short (three foot) side of the mat. [1990s]

double (US) · n a pile in which two winks are squopped by one wink. vt to shoot to create a double

double blitz · n simultaneous blitz attempts by both colors of a partnership

double boondock · n a boondock that sends two (usually opponent) winks far away

double-pot · n a game strategy in which both players of a partnership attempt to pot out. Such a strategy rarely succeeds in modern winks.

1double-squop · n a game strategy in which both players of a partnership attempt to control their opponents by squopping, without intending to pot their own winks until control is obtained. (Winking World 4, page 8)

2double squop (rare) · n a shot that sends two friendly winks towards two different target winks, often in different directions

doubleton (UK) = n double. [Originated by Relle; derived from the term doubleton in the game of bridge]

drag off · vi, vt to knock a wink off another wink, leaving it nearby

Dragon · nickname of American winker Dave Lockwood

Dragon Cup (US) · n a tournament sponsored by Dave Lockwood in 1979. Later, a challenge singles match (best score in five games), starting in 1989, patterned after ETwA's Jubilee Singles. [from Dragon, nickname of Dave Lockwood]

drop-kick (obsolete) · vi [To be provided.]

drunken wink · n a wink that rolls and slides along the mat in an unexpectedly meandering fashion

DuPont, send it to (US, obscure/obsolete) · a boondock with considerable force, with the intention of sending the boondocked wink off the table [Originally used by Dave Pinckney to Fred Shapiro, referring to sending the wink in the direction of the DuPont gymnasium, a building adjacent to the MIT Student Center; late 1970s. However, Fred thought he heard "send it to the pot"]


Eastern Regionals (US) · n an annual NATwA teams tournament, generally held in December at MIT. The Easterns were held from 1970 to 1980.

eat (US) = vt squop

egg cup (obsolete) = n pot

Eggs · n nickname of Reverend E. A. Willis, first Secretary-General of ETwA

ETwA, Etwa · n the English Tiddlywinks Association, founded in 1958

ETwAn · n a member of ETwA


failure to free · n a situation during a game after one partnership has played its free turns following squopping out its opponents, and has not freed any opponent winks

feeb (US) · vi to make a poor attempt at a shot, usually in reference to a short squop attempt in which the shooting wink falls short of its target. Also n. [clipped from feeble] See also poss and George Michael

felt · n the material with which all current officially-sanctioned mats have been made

Ferd · n nickname of NATwA winker Peter Wulkan [After his childhood nickname, "Ferdinand the Bull"]

fiat vincs ruat cælum · let winks be played, though the heavens crumble; NATwA motto. [adapted from the Latin phrase "fiat justitia ruat caelum": Let justice be done though the heavens fall]

fiber-based phenolic· n a plastic material sometimes used to make squidgers, generally brown. First used by Rick Tucker. Abbreviated FBP.

field of play · n the surfaces on the mat where shots may be made once brought in from the line

five-way pot-squop · n a perversion in which five colors are employed. See Alleghany Airlines Book Club Presents for the rules

flat (UK) · adj said of an unsquopped wink in play

flat wink (UK) · n an unsquopped wink in play

Fleas · n an encyclopedic publication by NATwA winker Fred Shapiro that appeared in November 1978. [From fleas, the name for the game of tiddlywinks in many languages, e.g. jeu de puce (French).]

flexible squidger · n a squidger made of nonrigid plastic, often a bottle-top or (especially in Britain) a phonecard or credit card

flexisquidger = flexible squidger

flip · n a shot that results in at least one wink coming to rest on its other side. Also vt.

flog · n a perversion in which players pot winks. See Alleghany Airlines Book Club Presents for the rules. [the word "golf", backwards] ·

fluff · n a pilled tuft of felt from the mat

foreign visitor rule · n a ruling by IFTwA that grants the highest-placing national contestant (in a national championship) the right to challenge the world champions should the winner of the national championship include a foreigner. (Early 1980s)

foul shot (UK) · n a shot that is contrary to the rules of tiddlywinks

four-color game · n the official game of tiddlywinks, in which four sets of colored winks are used, six each of blue, green, red, and yellow

four pot relay · n an event recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records that involves four winkers each potting winks into his or her own pot for a specified length of time. When the first winker pots a wink, the second winker removes it and pots it into the second pot, and so on until having potted it into all four pots

fractional score · n a game score of 5½ to 1½, 4⅔ to 2⅓, 4½ to 2½, or 3½ to 3½ in the official four-color game of tiddlywinks

free· vt, vi to get a squopped wink out of a pile as a result of a shot

free turns · n The turns awarded a partnership that has squopped-out the opponent partnership

free wink · n a wink that is not squopped, not in the pot, and has been played from the baseline

friendly game · n an informal game intended to be relaxing and not competitive

fuzz = fluff


game point · n one of the total of 7 points that are awarded at the conclusion of an official four-color game of tiddlywinks. These 7 points include 4 that are awarded to the color with the most tiddlies (time-limit points), 2 to the next color, 1 to the next, and 0 to the remaining color. 1 point is transferred to the winning partnership in the event of a potout

George Michael (UK) (rare) = feeb [early 1980s]

Gill the location of NATwA's 25th anniversary reunion, in 1991 [Gill, Massachusetts]

GNATs (US) (rare) n · Great North American Title. A list of the top winners and second-place finishers in NATwA tournaments

Golden Squidger (UK) n · an ETwA competition involving pairs

Good (also g-) · vt, vi to perform a Good shot on a wink

Good shot (sometimes good shot) · n a shot in which a played wink causes another wink to be moved (typically knocked off another wink) as a result of the played wink's pressure on the wink from the bottom face or edge of the moved wink. [Invented by John Good of MIT, 1972.]

Goode shot = Good shot ["Goode" is a misspelling of the last name of John Good, inventor of the shot]

Goons · n a BBC radio comedy troupe of the 1950s that played CUTwC in March 1958 at the request of Prince Philip, to defend his honor. The Goons included Spike Milligan, Peter Sellers, Harry Secombe, and others

Gottesman (US) · n a game strategy in which each wink that is brought in from the baseline is potted before subsequent winks of that color are brought in. [Named after Mike Gottesman of Harvard, 1966.] = (UK) Dave Taylor

grand tour (US) · n the path of a wink that rolls around the pot or through areas where other winks are located [after the phrase, "a grand tour of the universe"]

1Great White Wink (rare) · n a fictional god-like overseer of winkdom. (After The Great White Hope, a play and film about boxing.)

2Great White Wink (rare) · n a parable written by Fred Shapiro included in the publication, Fleas, in 1978

gromp · n a shot that moves a pile of winks to squop another wink. Also vt.

Gromper's Gazette · n a NATwA newsletter appearing in 1992

guard (UK) · n a solo wink near a friendly pile

Guinness Book of Records (UK) · a book documenting exemplary feats, including tiddlywinks records. The US edition omitted tiddlywinks for many years.

Guinness Trophy (UK) = Bombay Bowl

Guess the Milk · n a joke told, and retold, by NATwA winker, Severin Drix

GUTS · n the Gargoyle Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society at Harvard, 1962-1964. The Gargoyle was a humor magazine at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.


hairy's den (UK, now rare) · n an area on the mat totally dominated by the opposition [used by ETwA winkers from the Bancroft team]

Hampshire Open Pairs (UK) · a tournament played annually at Southampton

Harvest (US) · n a NATwA tournament held in October around harvest time in early October from 1976 to 1980, replacing the HOTT

hassle · v to shoot a wink to land near an opponent wink with the intent of keeping the other wink busy or worried that it will be squopped

Horsemeat · n nickname of Larry Kahn [from Larry's statement at the 1976 NATwA Pairs: "I'm playing like horsemeat."]

HOTT (US) · n the Halloween Open Teams Tournament, a NATwA tournament held around Halloweenat the end of October from 1971 to 1975.

Humbletoad Tree Farm · n a farm based in eastern Ohio, developed by Bob Henninge, and home to some winkers of the Toads team

Hyth · n short for HYTHNLBTWOC

HYTHNLBTWOC (US) · n \HITH nul BIT wok\ (US) Hark yon tree hath no leaves but they will out club, a NATwA team formed by Sunshine. The team evolved to become the TKOs. [First played in the February 1970 Continentals. Named by members of the team, each team member adding a word to the name]


idiot's delight · n trying to pot a wink into a pot that is held in the hand and used as a squidger on the wink. See Alleghany Airlines Book Club Presents for the rules

IFTwA · n \IF twa\ the International Federation of Tiddlywinks Associations

Ilkeston Toys · n the name of a British toy company that supplied tiddlywinks equipment in the early 1970s; formed by the owner of Marchant Games, Hughes Rudd

illegal shot (US) = foul shot

Indian rule (US) · n a convention in which blue squidges-off first, either green or yellow next, and then the color partnering the closer wink to the cup squidges-off. [Named for Saul Agranoff (Indian), who first proposed it in the mid-1970s].

Individual Pairs (IP) · n a type of tournament during which each winker partners each other winker in the match; the individual with the highest total of match points is designated the winner [The first NATwA Individual Pairs was held on 28 April 1984]

Individuals = Individual Pairs

Inglis game (UK) · n an extremely passive tactical situation that results from one wink of each color being squopped and safely guarded, and free winks well grouped, so that any aggressive shot is likely to be suicidal. Similar to positional game (US)

International Federation of Tiddlywinks Associations (IFTwA) · n the international organization that oversees the activities of recognized national and regional tiddlywinks associations (currently ETwA and NATwA), conducts world tiddlywinks championships (World Pairs, World Singles, and other events), and addresses any differences among the national associations

IP (US) · n abbreviation for Individual Pairs

Invitational (UK) · n a tournament to which participating winkers are invited by the host, often held in a winker's home


jab shot (US) · n a type of shot in which the squidger is forcefully applied to a wink in a short, hard, straight motion

John Lennon memorial shot = boondock and squop.

Jubilee Singles (UK) · n a singles match in which anyone may challenge the current champion to a match and in which the best score in five games wins

judge (US) · n a third party called in to decide a dispute between two winkers. The ETwA term generally used is umpire, although judge is used when the matter in question is the legality of a shot

jump in (US) · vi to send winks into an area that the opponents control

junior birdman (US) · n a bomb shot during which a wink is shot in a high trajectory into the air towards the target. The ETwA term is Port Stanley.

Junior Continentals (US) · n a NATwA tournament restricted to winkers who were high school students or younger


kick (obsolete) = butt (Cohen, 1977)

kickshot (UK) (obsolete) · n a shot in which the wink is potted after bouncing on the mat (Winking World 5, page 5, 1964)

knock off · adj said of a shot played with the aim of disturbing another pile or squop and hopefully freeing friendly winks. Also knock-off n

knock-off-and-squop · adj said of a shot played to free a friendly wink and squop the opponent who was originally squopping the target pile or squop

knock-out · adj a tournament format in which winners in each round play against each other in subsequent rounds, and losers play against losers. The ultimate winner is the winker who wins all rounds.

kumquat (US, now rare/obscure) · n a variant of a persimmon game in which three players play the two colors of a partnership in a game, with one player shooting one color regularly, and the other two players alternating shots with the other color. (October 1978, Harvest tournament.) [From kumquat, the fruit. See persimmon.]


L · n nickname of American winker Richard Hussong

launch · vt to shoot a wink from atop another wink, using it as a launching pad

launching pad · n the wink(s) below the shooting wink that can be clicked against to send the shooting wink sharply and with a low trajectory to bomb a pile

Lennon = John Lennon memorial shot

line = baseline

linear squop · n a sequence of three or more winks in which each wink (but one) is squopping just one other wink, all in a line

lip · n upper rim of the pot

little (US) ·  n a small wink

London Open · an ETwA pairs tournament played annually in London

lose (UK) = vt 1boondock

lunch · vt to pot an opponent's wink as a result of shooting one's own wink on a pile. [First used by Sunshine in the early 1970s.]

LUSTS · n the Latymer Upper School Tiddlywinks Society of London, England


Mad Dog · onetime nickname of ETwA winker Andy Purvis

Marchant Games · n an English company that supplied official tiddlywinks sets to ETwA and NATwA during the late 1950s, the 1960s, and the early 1970s. Marchant also sold unofficial tiddlywinks games to retailers in the same timeframe.

Marchant Trophy (UK) · a trophy for tournament for ETwA teams of four, played over the years to different formats and now practically in abeyance. This was originally a challenge trophy for all-England champions. The trophy was presented originally by Marchant Games [Started in February 1959]

mat · n the surface on which the game of tiddlywinks is played, which is 6 feet long and 3 feet wide, and for official games are made of felt

mat rotation · n a system ensuring that in a serious tournament a player cannot play on the same mats too frequently

match play · adj [to be provided] [The early rules of the game of tiddlywinks were for "Match Play Tiddlywinks"]

match point = game point

megacrud (UK) · n an illegal crud (pile break-up) shot where the squidger starts high above the intended wink on a pile that is being shot. Because of the positioning of the squidger with the winks, it is difficult to determine whether the squidger hit the winker's proper colored wink first.

Mickey Mouse · n a form of tripleton where the squopped winks are flat and separate, usually all small, so that when squopped, two ears and a mouth/nose stick out. [First used by the Bancroft School team in England]

middle for diddle (UK, especially Relle) · a cry of encouragement preceding the squidge-off [originated by ETwA winker John Furlonger.]

Milton Bradley · n a US manufacturer of tiddlywinks for the general market; usage generally connotes a quality insufficient for tournament play. Note that Milton Bradley was bought out by Hasbro in 1984.

minimum (US) · n a squidger that is 25mm (formerly 1 inch) in diameter, which is the smallest permitted by the rules

mint-jelly squidger (UK, now rare/obscure) · n a squidger made of nonrigid plastic, but somewhat more than credit card thickness; often from the lid of a jar of Sainsbury's Mint Jelly

miracle shot (US) · n a shot that attempts to accomplish objectives that are very unlikely to be achievable

miss-a-turn rule (US) · n the rule that is in effect when players of a game have opted not to use the perimeter rule when a player's wink goes off the playing surface. [First use: June 1993, NATwA Singles]

Missing Wink, The · n a publication of NATwA that appeared from May 1974 to November 1976, during the absence of Newswink. [From the phrase "missing link"]

MIT · n a NATwA team

MITASS · n Massachusetts Institute of Technology Association of Squidgers and Squoppers


MITTwA · n the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Tiddlywinks Association

mobile wink · n a wink that is not part of a pile or in the pot. = flat (UK). Compare to free wink

M.U.B. · n onetime nickname of ETwA winker Richard Moore [abbreviation for Miserable Unshaven Bastard]

Muenster (US, now obscure) · n a particular large yellow wink of Walmsleys manufacture that is much thicker on one edge than the other [played by Sunshine in the 1970s and thereabouts]

murgatroyd (UK) (obsolete) · n a badly manufactured Walmsleys wink that is flat on both sides. [Edwards, in Eric Partridge book, 1984]

MUTS · n MIT Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society, circa 1962

My Winkly Reader · n a publication of NATwA that appeared from February 1977 to March 1978, during the absence of Newswink [Name was a take-off on My Weekly Reader, a publication for elementary school children]


NAC (US, now rare) · n North American Championship

narg (UK) · n abbreviation for "Not a Real Gentleman", namely, a nerd

National Fours (UK) · n an ETwA tournament with teams consisting of four winkers

National Pairs (UK) · n ETwA's annual pairs championship, held since 1972. The winning pair is eligible to challenge the reigning World Pairs champions.

National Singles (UK) · n ETwA's annual singles championship, held since 1971. The winning winker is eligible to challenge the reigning World Singles champion.

NATwA · n the North American Tiddlywinks Association, founded on 27 February 1966

NATwAn · n a member of NATwA

NATwA Pairs · n NATwA's annual pairs championship, held since 1970. The winning pair is eligible to challenge the reigning World Pairs champions.

NATwA Singles · n NATwA's annual singles championship, held since 1972. The winning winker is eligible to challenge the reigning World Singles champion.

NATwA Song Book · n NATwA's publication of song lyrics.

needleloom (rare) · adj a material used to make tiddlywinks mats before felt was adopted

Newswink · n official publication of NATwA, 1969 to present. [back-formation from Newsweek, a US weekly news magazine]

NEWTS (UK) · n New London Tiddlywinks Society. Also Newts

NHIPper (UK) · n the National Handicapped Individual Pairs, an ETwA tournament

nominated wink (UK) · a wink of any color that has been selected by a squopped-out pair to be shot as a consequence of the opponents' failure to free [ETwA rules, May 1992]

Northern Junior Tiddlywinks Championship · n an ETwA tournament for students younger than college age

nurdle · vt to shoot a wink that lands in a nurdled position, very close to the pot. (first used by ETwA's Hull Guildhall team in 1962)

nurdle, boondock, penhaligon (UK) · n an ETwA drinking game based on counting

nurdled · adj said of a wink that is very close to the pot, typically beneath the top rim of the pot and hence probably not easy to pot

nursery game · n a derogatory term for low-quality, commercially-available tiddlywinks sets

NUTS · n the National Undergraduate Tiddlywinks Society (US), 1962-1966

NW · abbreviation for the NATwA publication, Newswink


OAK-BYTE, Oakbyte (US) · n 1. the telephone number at 64 Dane Street in Somerville, Massachusetts. 2. the name of the house at that address, where several winkers lived in the 1970s and 1980s

Old Hall · n a winking venue at Queens' College, Cambridge, England

On the Mat · n a document by Guy Consterdine published in March 1967 that described the origins and history of modern tiddlywinks from 1954 to 1957

"Other Nations" · ETwA's anthem, composed by Rev. E. A. Willis for the Goons match in March 1958

out = squopped out

OUTS · n the Oxford University Tiddlywinks Society

Oxford underhand · n a shot that attempted to pot a nurdled wink. It involved dragging the wink rather obviously from under the edge of the pot, and letting it go at a convenient distance from the pot. It disregarded the "quick and continuous" stipulation in the rules. [from CUTwC in the early 1960s.]


Pairs · n a type of tournament in which fixed partnerships compete to win

Palin · n an all-play-all format, where winkers play against those in the same league once, abbreviated apa1n (named after Sarah Palin due to the similarity of 10apa1n to Palin)

pass · vi electing not to take a shot

Paul McCartney (UK) · n a boondock-and-sub [Back-formation from John Lennon]

PBTT (US, now rare/obscure) · n abbreviation for "power behind the throne", someone with great influence over a NATwA Sec-Gen

penhaligon and Penhaligon = Carnovsky [after a TV presenter who managed to pot winks from a distance on his first attempt, on BBC's Breakfast Time]

pentad (Relle) · n a pile in which five winks are squopped by one wink

perimeter rule (US) · n an opt-in, unofficial rule that dictates that a wink sent off the playing surface is placed anywhere on the perimeter by the opponents, and that the shooting player does not miss his or her next shot. However, if the playing wink's color is sent off the playing surface in conjunction with any other wink(s), the playing wink's color misses its next shot. This optional rule originated in the US during the 1980s and was prominently espoused by Sunshine.

persimmon (US) · n a variant of the official tiddlywinks game in which three winkers play the two colors of a partnership, rotating uniformly among the three players. (February 1978, Continentals tournament.) [Created by Sunshine. From persimmon, the fruit; analogy with pear, being a pun on pair, a partnership.] = (UK) rotating three

perversion · n a game played with winks that is not the standard four-color game played to official rules. Perversions include simulations of other sports (e.g., baseball) plus other variants. Sunshine's Alleghany Airlines Book Club Presents (February 1976) is the seminal publication on perversions

Petrie piddle (obsolete) = n piddle

PFTL = pot-from-the-line

phonecard squidger (UK) · n squidger made from a flexible British Telecom (BT) phonecard

piddle (US) · n a delicate shot on a pile in which a squopped wink is gently freed from it. Also vt. = (UK) chip; carve out

piece (now rare) = wink [from the game of chess]

pile · n a group of two or more winks, some squopped and ordinarily one or more free, in which each wink is either squopping another wink in the group, and/or is squopped by another wink in the group

pile flip · n a shot that results in a wink from within a pile or underneath a squop ending up on top

pile-jump (UK) = gromp (Winking World 50, page 13)

PINTS (UK) · n the Pinner Tiddlywinks Society

pip (now rare) · n a notional measure of benefit resulting from a shot [1980s+]

pivot · n the movement of a wink around a point of contact with another wink during a shot

Plan 47 (obscure) · n potting a partnership's remaining free winks when many of its winks are squopped in a large pile, with the hope that the opponents will be forced to free a wink from that pile. [Originated by British winker Gregory Hogg, a schoolfriend and winks partner of Jonathan Mapley, who fell madly in love with a girl whose house number was 47.]

plexy (US) · n a squidger made of Plexiglas [a trademark of Autuglas, International]

point · n either a time-limit point (now called a tiddly) or a game point (also called a match point)

point transfer · n the transfer of one game point from the losing side to the winning side in a game that ends in a potout

poke (US) · n the application of a squidger to a wink or pile with a quick, short stroke that is intended to result in moving a single wink a short distance to result in a desired objective.

Port Stanley (UK) = n bomb (Devlin, 1985)

positional game · n a game that is marked by many fine adjustments to the positions of winks on the mat. In Britain, chiefly associated with Nick Inglis--hence sometimes an Inglis game. In the USA in the 1970s, these games were associated with Bill Renke and Ross Callon.

poss (UK) · n to send a wink no more than a quarter of the distance intended, especially if the shot was an easy one [Named after Poss Ellis, OUTS winker, January 1993 during the Cambridge Open] See feeb.

pot · n the cup that is placed at the center of the mat in the official four-color game of tiddlywinks. It has an external diameter of 48mm at the top and 38mm at the base, and is concave around its side.

pot · vt, vi to shoot a wink with the objective of having it come to rest in the pot. (Winking World 1, page 2)

pot-five-and-bring-in · adj a strategy for potting out where a winker pots five winks of one color while the sixth and last wink is behind the winker's starting baseline, and needs to be brought in to play

pot-from-the-line · n a Guinness Book of Records event in which twelve small winks at the baseline of the mat are potted in the fewest number of shots. Abbreviated as PFTL.

pot-out, potout · n the achievement of having all winks of a color in the pot. Also vi

pot-squop · n a game strategy in which one player of a partnership focuses on potting out and remaining pottable, while the partner focuses on squopping the opponents

pot-style · adj holding a squidger at an obtuse (downward) angle toward the direction of a shot

pottable · adj said of a wink that potentially can be potted, either directly or indirectly by shooting another wink

potter (rare/obsolete) · n a winker who is better at potting in a partnership in the pot-squop game strategy

potting at risk · n the attempt to pot a wink during a turn when a partner's color is due to free an opponent wink at the conclusion of free turns

potting game (US) = baseline pot

ppg · n points-per-game average

ppl · n points-per-loss average

ppt · n points-per-tie average.  If there are ties, this is 3½. Otherwise, this is undefined.

ppw · n points-per-win average

press (US) · n a shot consisting predominantly of downward pressure. A press shot is often used to free a wink that is barely squopped somewhere in a pile. = (UK) tap

protect · vt, vi to send a wink to land near a pile where it can more readily either (1) squop any opponent winks that may be close enough to easily squop the pile, or (2) respond to an opponent getting a wink on the pile

protection · n the state of having winks near enough to a pile to be able to squop any opponents approaching the pile

push shot · n a shot consisting overwhelmingly of lateral pressure (with little or no downward pressure), which is contrary to the rules.

PVC · n polyvinyl chloride, a material sometimes used for making squidgers, and typically light gray in color. [First used by Larry Kahn in making squidgers]


quad (US) · n a pile in which four winks are squopped by one wink

quadrupleton (UK) = quad

Quarter Blue (UK) · n an award to a CUTwC winker for playing against Oxford

QuCTwC \kwuck twuck\ (UK) · n the Queens' College Tiddlywinks Club at Cambridge University in England

QESH (sometimes QUESH) (UK) · n a team named from Queen Ethelberga's School, Harrogate, an establishment having nothing at all to do with any of the players on the team, but which they once happened to drive past

quick and continuous · adj said of a shot in which the squidger is moved without hesitation or discontinuity during the execution of the shot

QUILTS · n an ETwA Marchant Trophy team formed by players from Queens' College, Cambridge [= QUeensmen In London Tiddlywinks Society]


rabbit-bashing · n racking up high scores when playing against very weak opponents

ramp · n a wink in a pile that is leaning against another wink and is also touching the mat

rating · n a numerical measure associated with a winker based on the winker's performance in play. Ratings of winker play in tournaments is maintained by ETwA.

Red Scarf · n nickname of NATwA winker, Bill Gammerdinger

regionals (US) · n NATwA's Eastern Regional and Western Regional tournaments, played from the 1960s through the early 1980s

relevant · adj describing a wink in a position where it fulfills a useful function, e.g., protecting a pile or threatening a wink or pile

Relix (US) · n a NATwA team formed from by members of the Zoo team [From Relix, a newsletter for Grateful Dead fans]

Renaissance (US) · n a NATwA team formed in fall 1976. [Named after a bookstore in Ithaca, New York]

resquidge · vi to conduct the squidge-off again between winkers whose squidge-offs were equally near the pot. also n

Rick Tucker squidger (UK) · 1½ inch diameter marbled-effect, sharp squidger, usually yellow, as sold to ETwA players during 1985 US tour; more generally, any squidger made by Rick Tucker since 1979

rim shot (US) · n a shot during which a wink bounces off the top edge of the pot

Rivendell (US) · n a NATwA team formed by Severin Drix [named after a place described in books by J.R.R. Tolkien]

Rocinante · n a portmanteau of Rosie Wain and Andy Tomaszewski, winking partners in NATwA

roll · vi to revolve a wink over and over on the mat along its circumferential edge as a result of a shot

rotate (US) · vt to adjust a mobile, free wink by turning the wink around in its place on the mat

rotating three (UK) = (US) persimmon

rounds · n the portion of play after time expiration when a potout has not occurred . There are five rounds in the official four-color game.

rules narg (UK) · n a winker who knows the finer points of the rules, and may be summoned during a game to explain what should happen in a particular unusual situation [see narg]. = rules judge (US)

run six · vi to pot all six winks of a color in successive shots in a single turn [First use: Newswink 14, page 13]


Sachs squidge-off · n a squidge-off style where the squidger is used in a squop-style manner; in other words, at an angle down in the direction of the shot. (Invented by NATwA winker Josef Sachs in the mid-1970s.)

safe (US) · n, adj a position for a wink on the mat where it is unlikely to be squopped

salmon pink (UK, now rare) · one of the 1½ inch diameter marbled-effect squidgers made from gambling chips in Britain in the early 1980s—many were salmon pink in color

Samson · n onetime nickname of Severin Drix in the late 1960s [named due to Samson's locks of hair, since Severin Drix had long hair at that time.]

Schiller squidger · n a sharp squidger made and sold by NATwA winker Tim Schiller in 1973

Scottish Pairs (UK) · n ScotTwA's annual pairs championship, held from 1993 to 1998. The winning pair was eligible to challenge the reigning World Pairs champions.

ScotTwA · n the Scottish Tiddlywinks Association. Revived in 1992; previously organized in some form in the 1960s. As of 2004, no longer active.

ScotTwAn · n a member of ScotTwA (1994)

scrunge (UK) = bounce out (first used by ETwA's Hull Guildhall team in 1962)

Sec-Gen = Secretary-General

Secretary-General · n the principal officer of NATwA or IFTwA; the ETwA equivalent is currently called Chairman

seduce · vt to tempt the opponent into trying a risky shot

self-protecting · adj said of a pile that can easily be gromped or bristoled to squop nearby opponent winks

SEPTIC · n the Society of Ex-Presidential Tiddlywinkers In Cambridge, namely the presidents of the Cambridge University Tiddlywinks Club in England

set · n the winks and pot

set up · vt, vi to move a wink already on top of a pile so it is better positioned to make a future desired shot, such as potting or bristoling

sharp = thin squidger

shoot (US) · vt, vi to make a 1shot

1shot · n a squidge and the corresponding results; the act of playing a wink

2shot! · n an exclamation of commendation for a good shot

shot judge (US) · n a person who judges whether a shot is performed in compliance with the rules of tiddlywinks

side-by-side (UK) = tangent (US)

sideways amigos (UK, rare/obscure) · n the act of positioning a Mars Bar traversely in the mouth prior to performing an amigos [CUTwC, 1980s]

sideways bristol · n a shot similar to a Bristol except the squidger is not held parallel to the intended direction of the wink being played

Silver Wink (UK) · n a trophy donated by Prince Philip for intervarsity university team matches [Initiated during the 1960-61 season; trophy first awarded in 1961]

single (US) · n one person playing both sides of a partnership in a game normally played by a pair, e.g. in the Pairs

Singles · n a tiddlywinks match in which one player plays both colors of a partnership

singleton (UK) · a one-on-one squop separate from other piles

snaffle(UK) (now rare) = eat

Somerset Invitation (UK) · n an exclusive invitational tournament held annually by Stew Sage in Chilcompton, Somerset

Somervillain · n a winker on the NATwA Somerville team

Somerville · n a NATwA team originally based in Somerville, Massachusetts and associated with the OAK-BYTE residence

Sotwink · n an ETwA club based in Southampton

Spike· n onetime nickname of Carl Chenkin

sponned (UK) (obsolete) · adj said of a wink on which an opponent is kneeling or standing (first used by ETwA's Hull Guildhall team in 1962)

squabble (UK) (obsolete) = pile

squallop (UK) (obsolete) = vt squop (CUTwC rules, 1956)

squapt (UK) (obsolete) = squopped out (CUTwC rules, 1956)

squidge · vt, vi to apply a squidger to a wink (Winking World 1, page 4). n (rare)

1squidger · n the round instrument used by a winker to play winks. It may be no smaller than 25mm (formerly 1 inch) in diameter, no greater than 51mm (formerly 2 inches) in diameter, and no greater than 5mm (formerly 3/8 inch) in thickness at its edge

2squidger · n (rare) someone who squidges

squidge-in · n the play of a previously unplayed wink from behind a baseline on the mat. Also vi

squidge-off · n the determination of which color starts a game by shooting a wink of each color toward the pot from its baseline. The closest color wins the squidge-off. Also vi

squidging · adj, n performing a squidge; shooting a wink with a squidger in the game of tiddlywinks

1squop · vt to play a wink so it comes to rest vertically above some or all parts of another wink. n a wink that is squopped

2squop · vt to be hit or covered by something, often violently

squop, Bristol, John Lennon memorial shot · n an ETwA drinking game

squop-style · adj holding the squidger at a sharp angle toward the direction of a shot

squopped · adj a wink that in whole or in part is vertically below another wink

squopped-out (US) · n a game situation in which all winks of one color (or both colors of a partnership) are squopped or in the pot . = UK squopped-up

squopped-up (UK) = squopped-out (US)

squopper · n (rare/obsolete) a winker who is better at squopping in a partnership in the pot-squop game strategy

Squopsman, The · n the official journal of the Scottish Tiddlywinks Association. [First issue published in June 1993.]

squopt (rare/obsolete) = squopped out

stack (UK, especially Pinner) = gromp

StATS · n St. Andrews Tiddlywinks Society, Scotland

stoplight · n a linear squop with three winks of the same size, one green, the next yellow, and then red

Straight, The · n Willard Straight Hall, a winking venue at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York

streaking · n a perversion in which the goal is to pot as many winks in a row as possible without missing. See Alleghany Airlines Book Club Presents for the rules.  [named after the fad, called streaking, in the mid-1970s where people ran naked outside en masse]

sub · vi, vt to shoot a wink that ends up coming to rest under another wink, thereby squopped. Also n

submarine = sub

Sunsch = Sunshine [clipped]

Sunshine · n nickname of NATwA winker David Sheinson

Supreme Dean, The (US) · n nickname of ETwA winker Alan Dean


tangent (US) · adj said of two winks that are very close to each other but are not squopping each other. = (UK) side-by-side

tap (UK) = press (US)

tar baby · n a pile under your own control, but into which more of winks seem to be sucked entirely inadvertently and get squopped. A tactical nightmare [first used by Bob Henninge in 1990]

TD = Tournament Director

TDI · n nickname of NATwA winker Saul Agranoff (The Dumb Indian)

teams of four (UK) · n the ETwA National Fours

1tempo · n an abstract measure of the positive value of a good shot compared to the potential for opponents to recover from it

2tempo · n an advantage to be gained by forcing opponent into a shot, thereby allowing yourself a turn in which to do what you want. Essentially therefore a measure of who has the initiative. Hence to gain tempo or to lose tempo [from the game of chess]

tetrad n (Relle) = quad

Thesis, The · n The Science of Tiddlywinks, a study published by members of CUTwC in 1955

thin squidger · n a squidger with an edge that is sharp rather than rounded. [circa 1972]

30-second rule · n a rule enacted in the 1980s in which a partnership has the option to stop the game clock after 30 seconds has elapsed since the previous shot, when the opponents have not yet made a shot

"The Winks Club Mats" · n the anthem of CUTwC, sung to the tune of the "Red Flag"

Thorpe's Ring (UK) · n a pile in which all winks are squopped. A circular pile is one kind of a Thorpe's Ring. [named after ETwA winker Geoff Thorpe]

tiddle (deprecated) · vt, vi to shoot a wink. n, adj (deprecated) = tiddlywinks

tiddledy (obsolete) · n = tiddly

Tiddledy-Winks · n original spelling of the game of tiddlywinks. The trademark application was submitted by Joseph Assheton Fincher of London, England, on 29 January 1889 and approved on 15 May 1889 in England.

tiddler (deprecated) · n one who plays tiddlywinks

1tiddly, -ies (obsolete) · n in some antique games, same as squidger. Not used in modern winks. (Also tiddledy)

2tiddly, -ies (deprecated) · n = wink

3tiddly · n the unit of points calculated at the end of the game that are used to determine the finishing order of colors for assigning match (or game) points. For each color, 3 tiddlies are earned for each wink in the pot and 1 tiddly is earned by each other unsquopped wink in play. (May 1993 ETwA rules) = time-limit point

tiddlywink (rare) = wink

tiddlywinker (rare) = winker

tiddlywinks · n a competitive partnership game in which the objective is to gain an advantage over opponents by squopping opponent winks and by squidging friendly winks into a pot. [Preferred modern spelling. Earliest known use of spelling, 1894]

tidleywinks (UK, obsolete) · n the predominant spelling used for the game of tiddlywinks in England from the 1930s to the early 1950s.

tie · n a game score of 3½ to 3½ in the official four-color game of tiddlywinks

time limit · n the duration of time permitted for the play of the game prior to the play of 5 additional rounds. This is now 25 minutes for games with pairs, and 20 minutes for games with singles

time-limit point = tiddly

TKOs (US) · n The Knowledgeable Ones, a NATwA team that first played in the 1974 Westerns (November), replacing Hyth

Toads · n a NATwA team (also known as Chrome Toads, Xenopus)

Tournament Director (US) · n a winker responsible for establishing the format and conduct of a tournament. Abbreviated TD

triple (US) · n a pile in which three winks are squopped by one wink

triple crown (US) · n the act of acheiving first place in the NATwA Continentals (team championships), Singles, and Pairs. [From triple crown in other sports, e.g., winning the three major US horseracing championships.]

triples · n a variant version of tiddlywinks played with six colors and six players, with three players playing in partnership against the other three. See Alleghany Airlines Book Club Presents for the rules

tripleton (UK) = triple

Trix (US) · n a brand of breakfast cereal that in 1962 included tiddlywinks game premiums in its boxes. (Severin Drix started playing tiddlywinks with a Trix tiddlywinks set.)

trundle (obsolete) = gromp (Cohen, 1977)

tub (rare) = pot

turnover (UK) · n = flip

Tucker two-turn · n a variation on partnership play in which two (or more) players play the two colors of a partnership, but one player plays the turns for both colors consecutively, and then the other player does; partnership play continues in this fashion. [invented by Rick Tucker in Ithaca, New York, circa 1977]

turn · n one shot, or a sequence of shots, made by the player of a color, where each shot after the first one is an extra shot resulting from a wink of that color being potted on a previous shot. Compare with free turns

Tw · abbreviation for tiddlywinks

two minute rule · n rule enacted in the 1980s, but rarely enforced, in which a partnership has only 2 minutes to play a shot in rounds, after which time the shot is forfeited

two-ply · adj said of a tiddlywinks mat made of two plies of felt, one light gray, one off-white, available from the early 1960s to 1973


ULU (UK) (obsolete) = sub [abbreviation of the University of London Union]

umpire (UK) = judge, especially when the matter in question is whether or not a wink is squopped

unlucky (UK) · a friendly proclamation by a fellow winker that a shot did not achieve intended results

unsquopped · adj a wink that is not squopped; it may be a free wink or it may be an unplayed wink behind the baseline

unsupported mat · a portion of the playing surface that is not over, and is therefore not supported by, a table

up = free, said of winks that are unsquopped and in play


Varsity Match (UK) · the CUTwC vs. OUTS teams match

Visine shot (US) · n a shot in which a red wink is squopped. [from Visine, an eye care product, which advertised that it "gets the red out".]


Walmsleys · n a British supplier of winks and squidgers until the 1980s

warp · n a property of some older (Walmsleys) winks in which one part of the wink had more concavity than the rest of the wink

waste (UK) = lose or boondock

Wessex Trophy (UK) · n competition inaugurated in 1988 for two large, amorphous teams chosen on the morning of the tournament from amongst those present; held in London

Western Regionals (US) · n an annual NATwA teams tournament, generally held in November at either Cornell or in Toronto. The Westerns were held from 1970 to 1980.

WETS (UK) · n the Wessex Exiles Tiddlywinks Society in England

wiggle (US) · vt to make a miniscule adjustment to a wink on a pile

Willard Straight Hall (US) · n a winking venue at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York

Willis, Rev. E. A. (Edgar Ambrose) · n the first ETwA Secretary-General and a dominant personality of the CUTwC club in the 1950s

1wink · n a disk played in the game of tiddlywinks

2wink · vi to play the game of tiddlywinks

winkdom · n the sphere of tiddlywinks activity in the world

winked out (US) · adj fatigued due to playing tiddlywinks

winker · n a tiddlywinks player. (Winking World 1, page 1)

winking · adj playing tiddlywinks

Winkly Reader = My Winkly Reader

Winking World · n an official publication of ETwA, first published in February 1961

winksmanship or winkmanship · n the craft of playing tiddlywinks well

winks · n 1. the game of tiddlywinks. 2. plural of 1wink

Winks Rampant · n a document by Guy Consterdine, published in October 1972, describing the development of modern tiddlywinks in England from 1957 to 1958; also used to describe anything that portrays many winks.

winx = winks [variant spelling, popularized by Canadian winkers in 1978 but also appearing earlier]

World Masters · n a match restricted to winkers who have won a World Singles championship match

World Pairs · n a world championship match for pairs players in which the current world champion (or a national Pairs winner) is challenged by a national Pairs winner. The match is won by gaining the most match points in seven games. The World Pairs has been held since 1978.

World Singles · n a world championship match for singles players in which the current world champion is challenged by a national Singles champion. The match is won by gaining the most match points in seven games. The World Singles has been held since 1973.

WOY (US) · n abbreviation for Winker of the Year

WP = abbreviation for World Pairs

Written Word · n a publication by Joe Sachs that appeared in July 1978

WS = abbreviation for World Singles

WW = abbreviation for the ETwA publication, Winking World


xylophone shot (UK) · n a shot, usually illegal, in which the squidger is dragged across three or more winks that form a linear squop.


Yvonne F. Lukey Memorial Award (US) · n a mythical NATwA award


1zero · n the set of turns (the zeroeth round) occurring after the time limit for a game has been reached and before the first round of five rounds begins with the squidge-off winner's color. Also zeroeth adj

2zero · n, the score awarded to the loser in a pot-out where the winner potted both colors out before the opponent could. Also v (zeroed)

Zoo (US) · n a NATwA team originating at MIT, first playing in the 1972 HOTT (October), later becoming Relix

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